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Nursing Courses, Stream & Career Options A Complete Guidance

Nursing It is one of the most well-known paramedical professions which is a vital part of medical care. In the hospital, from general ward to the operation theatre, nursing is the most important component of patient care. Nursing is an essential component of the healthcare system.

Nursing Course after 12th is the course in which students learn to take care of the ill and injured patient. Nurses not only do patient care even they are taught also to teach the patient about their current health status. This course of 4 years duration revolves around making the students eligible and capable enough to play the vital role of nurses in several demanding organizations.

Here we list down some oriented nursing courses after 12th available in India. These courses are generally 2 to 4 years duration depends on the choice of Students.

  • B.Sc. in Nursing (Basic) 4 years long Bachelor's Degree course
  • B.Sc. in Nursing (Post Basic) 2 years long Bachelor's Degree course (3 years long in distance education mode)
  • GNM (Diploma in General Nursing and Midwifery) 3.5 years long program
  • ANM (Diploma in Auxiliary Nursing and Midwifery) 2 years long program
  • M.Sc. in Nursing 2 years long PG Degree program
  • M.Sc. - Mental Health Nursing
  • M.Sc. in Child Health Nursing
  • M.Sc. in Psychiatric Nursing
  • M.Sc. in Community Health Nursing
  • M.Sc. in Obstetrics & Gynecology Nursing
  • M.Sc. - Medical-Surgical Nursing
  • M.SC - Nursing
  • M.Phil. in Nursing 1 year long advanced program (2 years in part time format)
    PhD in Nursing 3 to 5 years long advanced program
  • Post Basic B.Sc. in Nursing
  • Jobs After B.Sc. Nursing
  • Clinical Nurse Specialist
  • Manager/ Administrator
  • Nurse Anesthetic
  • Case Manager
  • Staff Nurse
  • Certified Nurse
  • Midwife Nurse
  • Educator Nurse
  • Practitioner

Jobs After GNM Nursing

  • ICU Nurse
  • Certified Nursing Assistant
  • Senior Nurse Educator
  • Home Care Nurse
  • Nursing Tutor
  • Jobs After ANM Nursing
  • Health Visitor
  • Home Nurse
  • Rural Health Worker
  • Basic Health Worker
  • Community Health Worker

Paramedical Courses, Stream, & Career Options A Complete Guidance

Paramedical courses are usually related to the allied healthcare sector. These courses are just as useful and job oriented as the courses directly related to the field of healthcare like nursing, medicine and pharmacy. Paramedical courses are job oriented and present ample employment opportunities.

Another benefit of the Paramedical course is that there are options for postgraduate, graduate, diploma, certificate courses that are of varying durations from 3 years to 6 months. One could choose to do a paramedic course at any stage of his/her career even after completion of 10th standard exams. Some courses also give the benefit of no mandatory science stream in 12th.

Employment opportunity for Paramedical Professionals is increasing day by day not only in India rather in the western countries like the USA, Canada, UK, UAE etc. Their role is to help doctors to provide the correct diagnosis of a disease to enable its best possible treatment. Paramedical sciences have their own value and significance.

Scope and Opportunities in Paramedical


It is a branch of medical science which is concerned with the assessment, evaluation and treatment of physical disability, pain resulting from injury, disease or other health related problems. The professionally trained person who administers this treatment is called as a physiotherapist.


The increasing number of hospitals, nursing homes and pharmaceutical companies all over the country is a clear indication of the growing scope in this sector. A pharmacist's job is to prepare, mix, compound, or dispense drugs and medicines, ointments, powders, pills, tablets and injections on the prescription of a medical practitioner, dentist or veterinarian.

Occupational therapy

It focuses on helping individuals with mental or physical illness / disability to come back to normalcy. This type of therapy is patient specific, involving recreational, creative or educational activities.

Audiology and Speech Therapy

Audiology is the study of hearing disorders. These professionals treat people who are unable to speak or hear clearly. Audiologist use audiometers and other testing device to measure the loudness at which a person begins to hear sound, the ability to distinguish between sounds and the nature and extent of hearing loss. Speech therapist uses special instruments as well as written and oral test to determine the nature and extent of impairment and to record and analyze speech disorders.

Medical Laboratory Technology (MLT)

Medical laboratory technologists examine and analyze body fluids, tissues, blood typing, microorganisms, screening, chemical analyses, cell counts etc. of the human body. They play an important role in collecting the information needed for treating most pathology cases by sampling, testing, analyzing and reporting such investigations.

Radiology and X-Ray technology

Radiographers take x-ray films of body parts used in diagnosing medical problems. They conduct the x-raying of the patient's body, make the exposure, and then develop the x-ray film. Experienced radiologist can perform more complex imaging tests. A postgraduate radiologist normally interprets the x-rays.

Dental Hygienist / Mechanic

These technicians assist dentists in treating patients. Dental hygienists are trained to perform the specific clinical procedures that aim to prevent dental disease and work under the supervision of a dentist. The basic job of a dental mechanic is making and repairing artificial teeth, straightening of teeth & filling of cavities.


Rehabilitation workers play an important role in restoring normalcy to the patient. Care in a hospital or rehabilitation center may be necessary for people with severe disabilities. In such settings, a rehabilitation team provides care. Along with the doctor or therapist, this team may include nurses, psychologists, social workers, other health care practitioners, and family members.

Recruiters include after complete course

Government hospitals

Private hospitals

Primary health centers

Community health centers


Rehabilitation clinics

Training Colleges/Institutes


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