V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University is one of the oldest universities in Eastern Europe. It was founded in November 1804, on the initiative of the prominent educator V.N. Karazin and in accordance with the charter of Tsar Alexander I.
The opening ceremony was held on January 29, 1805. The University made an important contribution to the Ukrainian national renaissance of the XIX-XXth centuries.
It gave a powerful impetus to the emergence of Kharkiv as a major scientific and cultural center and an academic hub of Ukraine. Today the University justly rates among the best Ukrainian classical universities and is known in many countries.
The history of Kharkiv National University is part and parcel of the intellectual, cultural and spiritual history of Ukraine. The names of many world famous researchers, scholars and educators are associated with Kharkiv University, among them are P. Hulak-Artemovskyi, O. Lyapunov, M. Kostomarov, M. Barabashov, M. Beketov, D. Bahaliy, A. Krasnov, M. Ostrohradskyi, V. Steklov, O. Potebnya, O. Pohorelov and many others.Kharkiv University is the only university in Ukraine that has trained and employed three Nobel Prize laureates: the biologist I. Mechnikov, the economist S. Kuznets, and the physicist L. Landau.At different times titles of Kharkiv University Honorary Members and Doctors were conferred on outstanding scholars and public figures of many countries, including J.W. Goethe and A. Humboldt, I. Franko and L. Tolstoy, P. Semenov-Tyanshanskiy, and others.The title of Honorary Doctor of Kharkiv University was conferred on the first President of Ukraine Mykhailo Hrushevskyi.
Kharkiv University is associated with the first Ukrainian newspapers and journals and the first scientific societies.Since its foundation, the University has graduated over 130,000 students. The names of the University graduates are commemorated in geographical names, names of space objects, plants and minerals, laws and formulae. Almost 60 University graduates have become academicians and corresponding members of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences (UNAS).
The activities of the University have developed Kharkiv into a major industrial, scientific and cultural center. Many Kharkiv streets are named after professors, researches and alumni of the University.
The University has initiated the whole system of higher education of the Kharkiv Region. Its offspring are the National Academy of Law, the National Pharmaceutical Academy, Kharkiv Medical University, Kharkiv Pedagogical University, the Kharkiv Veterinary Academy, the Kharkiv Academy of Culture, Kharkiv Economic University and other institutions of higher education.
Today Kharkiv National University has 21 Schools: the School of Biology, the School of Physics and Technology, the School of Radio Physics, the School of Physics, the School of Computer Sciences, the School of Philosophy, the School of Mechanical Engineering, the School of Geology and Geography, the School of Economics, the School of Foreign Languages, the School of History, the School of Philology, the School of Fundamental Medicine, the School of Chemistry, the School of Sociology, the School of Psychology, the School of Law, the School of International Economic Relations and Tourism, the School of Further Education and Retraining, and the School of Physics and Energy.
The latter was organized together with the UNAS Institute of Mechanical Engineering.The total University enrollment, including the students of the Center for Training International Students and the Center for Presessional Education, amounts to about 12,000 undergraduate and graduate students and about 400 postgraduate students. The University employs up to 1,500 faculty and research staff, including more than 200 doctors of sciences, full professors, and almost 800 PhDs, associate professors.Kharkiv National University offers 115 majors and minors, covering the whole scope of modern classical university education.About 30% of the University's annual enrollment are school medal winners, another 10% are winners of the third and fourth rounds of Ukrainian school students academic competitions.
The University is one of the largest research centers in Ukraine. It covers virtually all spheres of modern fundamental research and incorporates the Research Institutes of Chemistry, Biology, and Astronomy, the Institute of Physics and Engineering, and the Institute of High Technologies.The University's faculty include 21 academicians and corresponding members of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences and specialized academies of Ukraine, and 50 winners of the State Award. The University has about 20 world famous scientific schools committed to intensive research, 5 Expert Examining Boards and 11 Senior Doctorate Expert Examining Board. The University's researchers annually publish 60 to 65 monographs, collections of research papers, over 2,000 articles and abstracts, and hold 20 to 25 international conferences.
The University is the leading research organization of international several space programs. Within the framework of international programs its researchers co-operate with scientists from the USA, Canada, Russia, Germany, Turkey, China, Japan, Switzerland, Bulgaria, Great Britain and other countries.Since 1808 the University has had its own Astronomical Observatory which is one of the leading astronomical centers of Ukraine involved in fundamental and applied research in the Physics of the Sun, the planets, asteroids, comets and satellites.The University's Botanical Garden was founded in 1804 and is the oldest botanical garden in Ukraine.
It is a state preserve with a unique collection of plants representing various botanical and geographic zones of the world.The University's Natural History Museum was founded in 1807 and is one of the oldest university museums in the world. Every year it opens its doors to 22,000 visitors. The total area of the Museum exhibition facilities is 2,000 square meters, and its 23 halls feature about 250,000 exhibits organized into the following sections: the Origin of Man, Darwinism, Zoology, and Geology. The University also has the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography of Slobidska Ukraine with about 150,000 exhibits.The University's Central Scientific Library was founded on January 30, 1805.
In 1987, the decree of the Ministry of Culture of Ukraine established it as an institution of special social importance.
It numbers 3,500,000 units, including 50,000 unique editions (17 incunabula, over 1,000 manuscripts, 300 palaeotypes, and books by classical writers and scholars published in their lifetime).
In October 1999, according to the decree of the President of Ukraine, Kharkiv State University gained the status of a national university and was named in honor of its founder, V.N. Karazin.
In 2003, following the decree of the President of Ukraine, V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University obtained the highest status of a self-governing (autonomous) state university.V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University is involved in extensive international cooperation and is an active member of the international community of the leading European and world universities.
It cooperates with 61 partners in 25 countries of the world.Together with other major European universities, in 1988 Kharkiv National University signed the Great University Charter that initiated the Bologna Process.
The University is a co-founder of the Eurasian University Association and is a member the World and the European University Associations.In November 2004 Kharkiv University celebrated 200 years since the day of signing the Foundation Charter, and in January 2005 it marked the 200th anniversary of its foundation.
President â€“ Bakirov, Vil Savbanovych, DSc (Sociology), Full Professor, Honored Scholar in the Field of Science and Technology of Ukraine
V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University is a leading Ukrainian research and educational institution with a 215-year history.
In the Â«Top-200 UkraineÂ» UNESCO Chair Ranking in 2019, the University ranked third among all Ukrainian institutions of higher education. According to the annual QS World University Rankings 2020, Karazin University is included in the Top 500 universities in the world.
The University ranks 491st, which is the highest position compared to other Ukrainian universities.According to the British publication Times Higher Education 2020 â€” a weekly magazine specializing in higher education â€” Karazin University is among the worldâ€™s best universities for the second time, ranking in the group 1001+.Currently, the University consists of 22 Schools and educational and research institutes: School of Biology, School of Geology, Geography, Recreation and Tourism; School of Economics; School of Foreign Languages; School of History; School of Computer Sciences; School of Medicine; School of Mathematics and Computer Sciences; Educational and Research Institute of Ecology; Educational and Research Institute Â«Karazin Business SchoolÂ»; Educational and Research Institute of Computer Physics and Energy; Educational and Research Institute Â«School of Physics and TechnologyÂ»; School of International Economic Relations and Travel Business; School of Psychology; School of Radiophysics, Biomedical Electronics and Computer Systems; School of Sociology; School of Physics; School of Philology; School of Philosophy; School of Chemistry; School of Law; and the Institute of International Education for Study and Research.There are 20,724 degree seekers at the Schools, the Center for International Education, the Center for Pre-University Education: 16,260 students, 4,066 international students, 301 postgraduate and doctoral students. 438 doctors of sciences, professors, more than 1,274 PhDs, associate professors take part in scientific research and training of specialists.
Among the University employees are 30 academicians and corresponding members of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and branch academies.V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University prepares specialists in 115 majors, covering the whole range of modern classical university education.Every year, the University researchers publish more than 60 textbooks and 300 study guides, about 90 monographs, more than 80 issues of the University Bulletin, and other collections of research papers, about 5,000 scientific articles and abstracts, including more than 400 articles in leading international research journals. Annually, the University organizes more than 150 international and all-Ukrainian research and scientific-methodical conferences.The wide international recognition of the University is evidenced by the fact that it was among the initiators of the Magna Charta of the European Universities (Bologna, 1988), co-founder of the Eurasian Universities Association.
The University actively participates in the World and European University Associations, teaches about 3,000 foreign students, postgraduate and doctoral students, training specialists for 50 countries, cooperates in science and education with more than 100 universities and other organizations of all continents.
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